BIOECON focuses on all themes where biodiversity is converted into its economic, legal and institutional aspects, such as:
- Resources management, distribution, equity, conflict, conservation, growth and development, poverty alleviation.
- Applications of economic instruments to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, with particular emphasis on case studies in biodiversity hotspots.
- Development of new or most effective and efficient instruments for biodiversity conservation (such as auctions of biodiversity conservation contracts, payment–for–services contracts, taxes, tradable permits, voluntary mechanisms and straightforward command and control measures), taking into account spatial and governmental considerations .
- Biological diversity and its global conservation.
- Valuation of ecosystem services and their application to biodiversity conservation .
- Incorporating natural capital into inclusive wealth accounting.
- Market creation for biodiversity and PES schemes.
- The role of public bodies/NGOs in the creation of innovative mechanisms for the delivery of ecosystem benefits and in promoting the participation of a wider range of economic agents (business/families/local communities) in biodiversity conservation.
- Policy reforms in specific sectors, including agriculture, urban planning and green buildings, fisheries, forests, industry, renewable energy, waste management and water, tourism and transport, focusing on the roles of each in green economic development.
- The role of biodiversity as an employment generator.